Expression of thymidine kinase and dihydrofolate reductase genes in mammalian ts mutants of the cell cycle

H. T. Liu, C. W. Gibson, R. R. Hirschhorn, S. Rittling, R. Baserga, W. E. Mercer

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Abstract

Thymidine kinase and dihydrofolate reductase mRNA levels and enzyme activities were determined in two temperature-sensitive cell lines, tsAF8 and ts13, that growth arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle at the restrictive temperature. The levels of thymidine kinase mRNA and enzyme activity increased markedly in both cell lines serum stimulated from quiescence at the permissive temperature. At the nonpermissive temperature, the levels of thymidine kinase mRNA and enzyme activity remain at the low levels of quiescent G0 cells. The levels of dihydrofolate reductase mRNA as well as the enzyme activity also increase when both cell lines are serum stimulated at the permissive temperature. When ts13 cells are serum stimulated at the nonpermissive temperature dihydrofolate reductase enzyme activity declines rapidly and dihydrofolate reductase mRNA is below detectable levels. On the contrary, when tsAF8 cells are serum stimulated at the nonpermissive temperature dihydrofolate reductase enzyme activity increases and mRNA levels are detectable slightly above G0 levels, even though the cells are blocked in the G1 phase. Studies with 2 other cDNA clones (one with an insert whose expression is cell cycle dependent and the other with an insert whose expression is not cell cycle dependent) indicate that the results are not due to aspecific toxicity or the effect of temperature. We conclude that the expression of different genes is affected differently by the ts block in G1, even when these genes are all growth-related.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3269-3274
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jul 4 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Liu, H. T., Gibson, C. W., Hirschhorn, R. R., Rittling, S., Baserga, R., & Mercer, W. E. (1985). Expression of thymidine kinase and dihydrofolate reductase genes in mammalian ts mutants of the cell cycle. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 260(6), 3269-3274.