Purpose: The adenovirus E4orf6 34 kDa protein (E4-34k) is known to disrupt V(D)J recombination as a result of its interaction with the catalytic subunit of cellular DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKCS), a major participant in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB). Previous studies have shown that cells with disrupted DSB repair and V(D)J recombination due to attenuation of DNA-PKCS activity exhibit a radiation-sensitive phenotype. It is not known at present whether the E4-34k protein can also modify cellular response to ionizing radiation. In an attempt to develop a novel gene therapy strategy to modify cellular radiation response, we sought to determine if expression of the adenovirus E4-34k protein resulted in sensitization to clinically relevant doses of ionizing radiation. Materials and methods: In order to minimize potential bias resulting from selection procedures, we performed clonogenic survival assays on DU 145 prostate cancer cells, RKO colorectal cancer cells and 293 kidney, cells following transient transfection of E4-34k- and/or E1B-55k-expressing plasmids. Western blots and immunohistochemical analyses were used to demonstrate E4-34k expression within transfected cells. FAGS sorting was carried out to enrich cells transfected with a plasmid that expresses both E4-34k and enhanced green fluorescent protein. Results: It is shown that E4-34k expression does not affect cellular radiosensitivity of transiently transfected populations of either DU 145 prostate or RKO colon cancer cell lines. Similarly, the radiosensitivity of human embryonic kidney 293 cells, which constitutively express the E1B-55k protein, was also unaffected. The radiosensitivity of DU 14-5 cells co-transfected with E4-34k-and E1-55K-expressing plasmids was unchanged, suggesting that the adenovirus E1B-55k protein does not augment any effects E4-34k might have on DNA-PKCS activity. Conclusions: The lack of radiosensitization by E4-34k expression is quite intriguing as it is known that E4-34k interaction with DNA-PKCS causes disruption of V(D)J recombination, a process dependent on DSB rejoining. These data suggest that for future studies, preferential targeting of DNA-PKCS DSB activity will be required to influence cellular radiosensitivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging