Expression of HLA-DQ antigens in the small intestinal mucosa of patients with coeliac disease

J. J. Schweizer, M. L. Mearin, A. S. Peña, G. J A Offerhaus, E. J. Dreef, B. O. Roep, R. E. Bontrop, L. J. Dooren, C. B H W Lamers, P. J. Hoedemaeker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies at the DNA and product level of B-cell lines of coeliac patients have shown a strong association between coeliac disease and the HLA-DQ α 2.3 and HLA-DQ β 2.7 alleles. The monoclonal antisera SFR20-DQ α 5 and XIII-358.4, which specifically react with HLA-DQ α 2.3 and with HLA-DQ β 2.3 and-DQ β 2.7, respectively, have been used to detect the expression of these specificities in the small-intestinal mucosa of 7 coeliac patients and 11 non-coeliac persons. An immunoperoxidase technique on frozen tissue sections of jejunal biopsy specimens was used. Positive specimens showed immunoperoxidase staining of lymphocytes and histiocytes in the lamina propria. The epithelial cells showed no immunoperoxidase staining. Positive results at the intestinal level correlated with the HLA typing of the patients and controls. The distribution found for the HLA-DQ alleles in the intestinal mucosa makes the role of a HLA-DQ αbeta; dimer as gliadin receptor at the epithelial cell less probable, but it is compatible with the hypothesis that these DQ molecules are involved in the regulation of the intestinal immune response to gluten.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-610
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coeliac disease
  • HLA-DQ
  • Immunoperoxidase staining
  • Jejunal biopsy specimens
  • Lamina propria lymphocytes
  • Monoclonal antisera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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  • Cite this

    Schweizer, J. J., Mearin, M. L., Peña, A. S., Offerhaus, G. J. A., Dreef, E. J., Roep, B. O., Bontrop, R. E., Dooren, L. J., Lamers, C. B. H. W., & Hoedemaeker, P. J. (1991). Expression of HLA-DQ antigens in the small intestinal mucosa of patients with coeliac disease. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 26(6), 605-610. https://doi.org/10.3109/00365529109043634