Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, the selectivity and pharmacology of 8-Br-cGMP-stimulated currents in the human alveolar cell line A549 was compared to 8-Br-cGMP-stimulated currents in HK293 cells transfected with hαCNC1. Whole cell currents stimulated by 8-Br-cGMP in HK293 cells transfected with hαCNC1 or A549 cells are carried by inward sodium and outward potassium with nearly the same selectivity. The whole-cell inward currents that are stimulated by 8-Br-cGMP in HK293 cells transfected with hαCNC1 are inhibited by 1-cis-diltiazem with an IC50 of 154 μM, by 2',4'- dichlorobenzamil with an IC50 of 50 μM and by amiloride with an IC50 of 133 μM. The whole-cell inward currents in A549 cells that are stimulated by 8-Br-cGMP, are inhibited by 1-cis-diltiazem with an IC50 of 87 μM, by 2'4'-dichlorobenzamil with an IC50 of 38 μM and by amiloride with an IC50 of 32 μM suggesting that these airway cells contain cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channels. RT-PCR data suggest that mRNA of both αCNC1 and βCNC subunits are present in A549 cells and the presence of the βCNC subunit, may as previously reported, increase the affinity of these channel blockers compared to the hαCNC1 subunit alone. The mRNA of two other isoforms of this channel, CNC2 and CNC3, are also expressed in the A549 cell line. This study documents the IC50 of externally applied channel blockers that can be used for in vitro or in vivo experiments to document sodium absorption via cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channels in airway cells.
- 1-cis- diltiazem
- Airway epithelial ion channels
- Airway fluid absorption
- Cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channels
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology