Chromogranin-A (CgA), also termed secretory protein-I, is an acidic glycoprotein that is synthesized and secreted by cells of the diffuse endocrine and neuroendocrine system. Several previous studies had suggested that plasma levels of CgA were elevated in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. In the present study we sought to examine expression of the CgA gene in human parathyroid tissue from patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. We characterized the mRNAs coding for CgA and β-actin in parathyroid tissue fragments obtained from 12 patients with parathyroid adenomas, 11 patients with familial multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (FMEN I) with parathyroid hyperplasia, and 11 normal subjects. The mRNAs were detected and analyzed by dot and Northern blot hybridization using cDNA probes. CgA mRNA transcripts of 2.1 kilobases were detected in normal and pathological parathyroids. Similarly, β-actin mRNA species of 2.1 kilobases was present in all tissues. The relative level of parathyroid tissue CgA mRNA, calculated as the CgA/β-actin mRNA ratio, was 73 ± 18 in parathyroid adenoma, 73 ± 20 in FMEN I, and 100 ± 9 in controls (mean ± SE; expressed as a percentage of the control reference group value). There were no significant differences among the steady state levels of CgA mRNA levels in these three groups (F = 0.98; P = 0.39). These results demonstrate that expression of CgA mRNA is qualitatively and quantitatively normal in parathyroid tumors from patients with FMEN I and parathyroid adenoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical