Expression of cell competition markers at the interface between p53 signature and normal epithelium in the human fallopian tube

Masahiko Kito, Daichi Maeda, Yukitsugu Kudo-Asabe, Naoki Sato, Ie Ming Shih, Tian Li Wang, Masamitsu Tanaka, Yukihiro Terada, Akiteru Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence regarding cell competition between normal and mutant mammalian cells, which suggest that it may play a defensive role in the early phase of carcinogenesis. In vitro study in the past has shown that overexpression of vimentin in normal epithelial cells at the contact surface with transformed cells is essential for the cell competition involved in epithelial defense against cancer. In this study, we attempted to examine cell competition in human tissue in vivo by investigating surgically resected human fallopian tubes that contain p53 signatures and serous tubal intraepithelial lesions (STILs), a linear expansion of p53-immunopositive/TP53 mutant tubal epithelial cells that are considered as precursors of pelvic high grade serous carcinoma. Immunofluorescence double staining for p53 and the cell competition marker vimentin was performed in 21 sections of human fallopian tube tissue containing 17 p53 signatures and 4 STILs. The intensities of vimentin expression at the interface between p53-positive cells at the end of the p53 signature/STIL and adjacent p53-negative normal tubal epithelial cells were compared with the background tubal epithelium. As a result, the average vimentin intensity at the interfaces relative to the background intensity was 1.076 (95% CI, 0.9412-1.211 for p53 signature and 0.9790 (95% CI, 0.7206-1.237) for STIL. Thus, it can be concluded that overexpression of the cell competition marker vimentin are not observed in human tissue with TP53 alterations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0156069
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Expression of cell competition markers at the interface between p53 signature and normal epithelium in the human fallopian tube'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this