Expression of cathepsin K and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase is not confined to osteoclasts but is a general feature of multinucleated giant cells: Systematic analysis

Jin Kyun Park, Antony Rosen, Jeffrey E. Saffitz, Angeliki Asimaki, Silvio H. Litovsky, Shannon M. Mackey-Bojack, Marc K. Halushka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. Cathepsin K and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) are two proteins expressed in osteoclastic giant cells. Recently we showed that lesional multinucleated giant cells (MNGs) in pulmonary granulomatosis with polyangiitis expressed these proteins. We aimed to clarify whether the expression of these two proteins has any specificity or is a general feature of MNGs associated with multiple types of granulomatous inflammation. Methods. In total, 7 Crohn's disease (CD), 5 GCA, 5 giant cell myocarditis (GCM), 11 sarcoidosis and 6 tuberculosis cases were examined for expression of cathepsin K and TRAP using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Protein expression was semi-quantitatively classified as none, weak, moderate or strong. In addition, tissue TRAP activity was examined using an enzymatic reaction. Results. The expression of cathepsin K was robust in >95% of MNGs of all examined disease groups, whereas TRAP expression varied; CD, GCA and tuberculosis showed strong TRAP expression. TRAP expression in sarcoidosis and GCM was weaker (CD vs GCM, P = 0.04; CD vs sarcoidosis, P = 0.06). Compared with IHC, TRAP detection using an enzymatic colour reaction had limited sensitivity. Conclusion. Expression of TRAP and cathepsin K is a general feature of MNGs and their expression might be related to histopathological pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberket184
Pages (from-to)1529-1533
Number of pages5
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • Autoimmune
  • Cathepsin K
  • Granulomas
  • Multinucleated giant cells
  • Myocarditis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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