Expression and ambivalence over expression of negative emotion: Psychometric analysis in the women's health initiative

Yvonne L. Michael, Nancy A Perrin, Deborah Bowen, Barbara B. Cochrane, Jennifer P. Wisdom, Robert Brzyski, Cheryl Ritenbaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inhibition of emotional expression has been associated with the incidence and progression of breast cancer and other chronic illnesses. Others have theorized that it may not be repression itself, but rather ambivalence over the expression of emotions that is the important health-related factor. The Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a long-term, national study focusing on disease prevention among postmenopausal women, is unique in its assessment of expression and ambivalence of negative emotion in a large study sample of multiethnic, older women. Psychological factors such as expression of negative emotion and ambivalence about expression of emotion are also determined by social patterning. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the instruments used to measure each construct and variation across race/ethnicity and age. The analysis suggests that the scales can be used with confidence in diverse ethnic and age groups. Examining ambivalence about expression of negative emotion in future longitudinal research will further elucidate its role in predicting disease incidence and recovery, both important in reducing the public health burden of chronic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-18
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Women and Aging
Volume17
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Women's Health
ambivalence
Psychometrics
psychometrics
Emotions
emotion
health
Disease
Chronic Disease
incidence
psychological factors
Incidence
repression
Ethnic Groups
chronic illness
age group
ethnic group
cancer
ethnicity
Public Health

Keywords

  • Ambivalence over the expression of emotions
  • Cancer prone personality
  • Expression of negative emotion
  • Postmenopausal women
  • Race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • Gender Studies
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Expression and ambivalence over expression of negative emotion : Psychometric analysis in the women's health initiative. / Michael, Yvonne L.; Perrin, Nancy A; Bowen, Deborah; Cochrane, Barbara B.; Wisdom, Jennifer P.; Brzyski, Robert; Ritenbaugh, Cheryl.

In: Journal of Women and Aging, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, 2005, p. 5-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Michael, Yvonne L. ; Perrin, Nancy A ; Bowen, Deborah ; Cochrane, Barbara B. ; Wisdom, Jennifer P. ; Brzyski, Robert ; Ritenbaugh, Cheryl. / Expression and ambivalence over expression of negative emotion : Psychometric analysis in the women's health initiative. In: Journal of Women and Aging. 2005 ; Vol. 17, No. 1-2. pp. 5-18.
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