Exposure–response of veliparib to inform phase II trial design in refractory or relapsed patients with hematological malignancies

Shailly Mehrotra, Mathangi Gopalakrishnan, Jogarao Gobburu, Jiuping Ji, Jacqueline M. Greer, Richard Piekarz, Judith E. Karp, Keith W. Pratz, Michelle A. Rudek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: A phase I trial of veliparib in combination with topotecan plus carboplatin (T+C) demonstrated a 33% objective response rate in patients with hematological malignancies. The objective is to perform exposure–response analysis to inform the phase II trial design. Experimental Design: Pharmacokinetic, efficacy, and safety data from 95 patients, who were administered 10 to 100 mg b.i.d. doses of veliparib for either 8, 14, or 21 days with T+C, were utilized for exposure–efficacy (objective response and overall survival) and exposure–safety (≥grade 3 mucositis) analysis. Multivariate cox proportional hazards and logistic regression analyses were conducted. The covariates evaluated were disease status, duration of treatment, and number of prior therapies. Results: The odds of having objective response were 1.08-fold with 1,000 ng/hr/mL increase in AUC, 1.8-fold with >8 days treatment, 2.8-fold in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and 0.5-fold with ≥2 prior therapies. Based on analysis of overall survival, hazard of death decreased by 1.5% for 1,000 ng/hr/mL increase in AUC, 39% with >8 days treatment, 44% in patients with MPN, while increased by 19% with ≥2 prior therapies. The odds of having ≥grade 3 mucositis increased by 29% with 1,000 ng.h/mL increase in AUC. Conclusions: Despite shallow exposure–efficacy relationship, doses lower than 80 mg do not exceed veliparib single agent preclinical IC50. Shallow exposure–mucositis relationship also supports the 80-mg dose. Based on benefit/risk assessment, veliparib at a dose of 80 mg b.i.d. for at least 14 days in combination with T+C is recommended to be studied in MPN patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6421-6429
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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