Purpose: A phase I trial of veliparib in combination with topotecan plus carboplatin (T+C) demonstrated a 33% objective response rate in patients with hematological malignancies. The objective is to perform exposure–response analysis to inform the phase II trial design. Experimental Design: Pharmacokinetic, efficacy, and safety data from 95 patients, who were administered 10 to 100 mg b.i.d. doses of veliparib for either 8, 14, or 21 days with T+C, were utilized for exposure–efficacy (objective response and overall survival) and exposure–safety (≥grade 3 mucositis) analysis. Multivariate cox proportional hazards and logistic regression analyses were conducted. The covariates evaluated were disease status, duration of treatment, and number of prior therapies. Results: The odds of having objective response were 1.08-fold with 1,000 ng/hr/mL increase in AUC, 1.8-fold with >8 days treatment, 2.8-fold in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and 0.5-fold with ≥2 prior therapies. Based on analysis of overall survival, hazard of death decreased by 1.5% for 1,000 ng/hr/mL increase in AUC, 39% with >8 days treatment, 44% in patients with MPN, while increased by 19% with ≥2 prior therapies. The odds of having ≥grade 3 mucositis increased by 29% with 1,000 ng.h/mL increase in AUC. Conclusions: Despite shallow exposure–efficacy relationship, doses lower than 80 mg do not exceed veliparib single agent preclinical IC50. Shallow exposure–mucositis relationship also supports the 80-mg dose. Based on benefit/risk assessment, veliparib at a dose of 80 mg b.i.d. for at least 14 days in combination with T+C is recommended to be studied in MPN patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research