Exposure and response prevention with or without parent management training for children with obsessive-compulsive disorder complicated by disruptive behavior: A multiple-baseline across-responses design study

Denis G. Sukhodolsky, Bernard S. Gorman, Lawrence Scahill, Diane Findley, Joseph McGuire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Comorbidity with disruptive behavior disorders may have important implications for exposure-based cognitive behavioral treatments of children with OCD. Child noncompliance and parent-child conflict may interfere with performance of exposure activities and completion of therapeutic homework assignments, thus diminishing response to treatment. We investigated whether response to exposure and response prevention (ERP) can be enhanced if disruptive behavior is treated first with parent management training (PMT). A multiple-baseline across-responses design was used to investigate the effects of ERP with or without PMT in six children (age range 9-14 years) with OCD and disruptive behavior. Weekly ratings of OCD were conducted for four weeks to establish baseline. After that, children were randomly assigned to receive six weekly sessions of PMT and then twelve weekly sessions of ERP (ERP-plus-PMT condition) or to receive ERP after a six week waiting period (ERP-only condition). The outcome assessments were conducted weekly using the Child Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) administered by an experienced clinician, who was blind to treatment assignment. Three subjects in the ERP-plus-PMT condition evidenced a 39 percent reduction in the CY-BOCS score versus a 10 percent reduction in three subjects in the ERP-only condition. The results of our single-subject study suggest the feasibility and positive effects of combining ERP with PMT for children with OCD complicated by disruptive behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-305
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behavior therapy
  • Children
  • Disruptive behavior
  • Exposure and response prevention
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Parent management training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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