Exponential tilt models for two-group comparison with censored data

Chi Wang, Zhiqiang Tan, Thomas A. Louis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study application of the Exponential Tilt Model (ETM) to compare survival distributions in two groups. The ETM assumes a parametric form for the density ratio of the two distributions. It accommodates a broad array of parametric models such as the log-normal and gamma models and can be sufficiently flexible to allow for crossing hazard and crossing survival functions. We develop a nonparametric likelihood approach to estimate ETM parameters in the presence of censoring and establish related asymptotic results. We compare the ETM to the Proportional Hazards Model (PHM) in simulation studies. When the proportional hazards assumption is not satisfied but the ETM assumption is, the ETM has better power for testing the hypothesis of no difference between the two groups. And, importantly, when the ETM relation is not satisfied but the PHM assumption is, the ETM can still have power reasonably close to that of the PHM. Application of the ETM is illustrated by a gastrointestinal tumor study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1102-1117
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
Volume141
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • Censored data
  • Exponential tilt model
  • Non-parametric likelihood
  • Proportional hazards model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics

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