Exploring racial differences in the obesity gender gap

Marissa J. Seamans, Whitney R. Robinson, Roland J Thorpe, Stephen R. Cole, Thomas A. LaVeist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate whether the gender gap in obesity prevalence is greater among U.S. blacks than whites in a study designed to account for racial differences in socioeconomic and environmental conditions. Methods: We estimated age-adjusted, race-stratified gender gaps in obesity (% female obese- % male obese, defined as body mass index ≥30kg/m2) in the National Health Interview Survey 2003 and the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore 2003 study (EHDIC-SWB). EHDIC-SWB is a population-based survey of 1381 adults living in two urban, low-income, racially integrated census tracts with no race difference in income. Results: In the National Health Interview Survey, the obesity gender gap was larger in blacks than whites as follows: 7.7 percentage points (ppts; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.4-11.9) in blacks versus-1.5ppts (95% CI:-2.8 to-0.2) in whites. In EHDIC-SWB, the gender gap was similarly large for blacks and whites as follows: 15.3ppts (95% CI: 8.6-22.0) in blacks versus 14.0ppts (95% CI: 7.1-20.9) in whites. Conclusions: In a racially integrated, low-income urban community, gender gaps in obesity prevalence were similar for blacks and whites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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Baltimore
Obesity
Confidence Intervals
Health Surveys
Health
Interviews
Censuses
Body Mass Index
hydroquinone
Population

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Health disparities
  • Obesity
  • Race
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Exploring racial differences in the obesity gender gap. / Seamans, Marissa J.; Robinson, Whitney R.; Thorpe, Roland J; Cole, Stephen R.; LaVeist, Thomas A.

In: Annals of Epidemiology, Vol. 25, No. 6, 01.06.2015, p. 420-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Seamans, MJ, Robinson, WR, Thorpe, RJ, Cole, SR & LaVeist, TA 2015, 'Exploring racial differences in the obesity gender gap', Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 420-425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.03.010
Seamans, Marissa J. ; Robinson, Whitney R. ; Thorpe, Roland J ; Cole, Stephen R. ; LaVeist, Thomas A. / Exploring racial differences in the obesity gender gap. In: Annals of Epidemiology. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 420-425.
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