Exploring important influences on the healthfulness of prostate cancer survivors' diets

Kisha I. Coa, Katherine C. Smith, Ann Carroll Klassen, Roland J. Thorpe, Laura E. Caulfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A cancer diagnosis is often conceptualized as a teachable moment when individuals might be motivated to make lifestyle changes. Many prostate cancer survivors, however, do not adhere to dietary guidelines. In this article, we explore how cancer affected prostate cancer survivors' diets and identify important influences on diet. Twenty prostate cancer survivors completed three 24-hour dietary recalls and an in-depth dietary interview. We analyzed interviews using a constant comparison approach, and dietary recall data quantitatively to assess quality and qualitatively to identify food choice patterns. Most men reported not making dietary changes following their cancer diagnosis but did express an interest in healthy eating, primarily to facilitate weight loss. Men portrayed barriers to healthy eating that often outweighed their motivation to eat healthy. Public health programs should consider alternative ways of framing healthy eating programs for prostate cancer survivors that might be more effective than a cancer-specific focus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-870
Number of pages14
JournalQualitative Health Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 6 2015


  • cancer
  • health behavior
  • men's health
  • nutrition / malnutrition
  • qualitative
  • research, mixed methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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