Experimental models of cardiac transplantation

Design determines relevance

William M. Baldwin, Charles A. Su, Thomas M. Shroka, Robert L. Fairchild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose of review: Experimental models have contributed enormously to basic immunology. However, the use of reductionist experiments has produced results that are not always successfully translated into the clinic. Recently, incorporation of more realistic clinical parameters in experimental designs has produced new insights relevant to cardiac transplantation. Recent findings: Experiments in mice have provided crucial insights into the concept that T cell responses to pathogens generate memory cells with cross-reactive specificities for histocompatibility antigens. These memory T cells are resistant to current immunosuppressive strategies. Memory T cells infiltrate grafts within hours after transplantation, and grafts subjected to clinically relevant periods of cold ischemia are more susceptible to injury by this cellular infiltrate. Early immune responses now can be investigated with improved 'humanized' mice. Mice with multiple knock-in genes for human cytokines support development of human monocytes, macrophages and natural killer cells in increased numbers and with better function. Summary: Better and more clinically relevant experimental designs are providing animal models tailored to address clinic exigencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Heart Transplantation
Theoretical Models
T-Lymphocytes
Gene Knock-In Techniques
Research Design
Transplants
Cold Ischemia
Histocompatibility Antigens
Human Development
Immunosuppressive Agents
Allergy and Immunology
Natural Killer Cells
Monocytes
Animal Models
Transplantation
Macrophages
Cytokines
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Heterologous immunity
  • Humanized mice
  • Memory T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Experimental models of cardiac transplantation : Design determines relevance. / Baldwin, William M.; Su, Charles A.; Shroka, Thomas M.; Fairchild, Robert L.

In: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation, Vol. 19, No. 5, 01.10.2014, p. 525-530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baldwin, William M. ; Su, Charles A. ; Shroka, Thomas M. ; Fairchild, Robert L. / Experimental models of cardiac transplantation : Design determines relevance. In: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation. 2014 ; Vol. 19, No. 5. pp. 525-530.
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