Experimental investigations into the nature of airflows near bluff bodies with aspiration, with implications to aerosol sampling

Avula Sreenath, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, James H. Vincent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The research described in this paper was stimulated by the need to understand better the nature of air flow around aerosol samplers of the type widely used in environmental and industrial hygiene. It deals with the application of visualisation techniques to determine the location of stagnation points for air flow about simple two- and three-dimensional bluff bodies (cylinder and sphere, respectively) for the case where there is aspiration of air (i.e. suction) from a point on the body surface. The effect of orientation of the sampling orifice (or sink) with respect to the free stream on the location of stagnation points was compared with theoretical predictions using potential flow models. Good agreement was obtained, even for large angles with respect to the wind. For the two-dimensional cylindrical body, we also experimentally investigated the frequency of the vortex shedding in its near wake and how that is influenced by the aspiration. As represented by the dimensionless Strouhal number, this was found to be strongly dependent on the aspiration flow rate and the slot orientation. The results may be explained qualitatively in terms of the effect of aspiration on the development of the boundary layer over the cylinder surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2349-2359
Number of pages11
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume31
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerosol sampling
  • Aspiration
  • Bluff body flows
  • Stagnation
  • Vortex shedding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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