To serially examine the immunopathogenesis and histopathology of infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae, we inoculated two cynomolgus monkeys in the conjunctival sac, nose, and nasopharynx with C. pneumoniae TWAR. After inoculation, C. pneumoniae was isolated from the inoculation sites and the rectums of both monkeys for a period of 5 weeks. After a second inoculation, C. pneumoniae was recovered from the inoculation sites and the rectums of both monkeys for 20 weeks. A third inoculation with C. pneumoniae caused very little productive infection at any site. Prior C. pneumoniae infection did not prevent subsequent C. trachomatis serovar E (Bour strain) infection. Clinical and histopathologic ocular responses to C. pneumoniae infection were mild compared with those to infection with C. trachomatis serovar E. Rectal infection, demonstrated by culture isolation and immunohistopathology, occurred without direct experimental inoculation. Both immunofluorescent staining of mucosal smears with monoclonal antibodies and tissue culture were able to detect C. pneumoniae infection. Experimental nonhuman primate infection with C. pneumoniae appears to be clinically and histopathologically mild and can occur at extrapulmonary sites.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Infection and Immunity|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
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