Experimental evaluation of the bilinear transformation used in the CT-based attenuation correction for small animal PET imaging

Yu Jianhua, Jurgen Seidel, Martin Gilbert Pomper, Benjamin Tsui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to experimentally evaluate the accuracy of the bilinear transformation method for generating attenuation maps, the accuracy of the CT-based attenuation correction (AC) using these maps for small animal PET imaging, and the reliability of this method when an iodinated contrast agent is introduced in CT scans. The attenuation maps of an attenuation calibration phantom (ACP) with known linear attenuation coefficients (LAC) were generated from both Ge-68 transmission scan and bilinear transformation of CT scan. These maps were then used in AC for quantitative analysis of a hot small sphere imbedded in the ACP phantom. We measured LAC of the mouse blood mixed with an iodinated agent (Fenestra VC) using both Ge-68 transmission scan and bilinear approach, and investigated the effect of CT contrast agent on CT images, attenuation maps and attenuation corrected PET images of the mice, respectively. The phantom experiments showed visually well-matched attenuation maps and within 5% bias agreement on LAC of artificial tissues. CT-based and Getransmission-based AC restored the quantitative PET results for the hot small sphere in ACP phantom from -27% error (without AC) to 0.9% and -3.4%, respectively. The animal experiments showed that CT-based AC restored respectively 15-25% and 4060% PET image intensities for mouse and rat tissues. With the increasing of the ratio of Fenestra to blood, the difference between the CT-based and Ge-transmission-based LAC of the mixture was increased linearly up to 7% at the maximum ratio, which corresponds to the routine limitation on intravenous injection dose for a mouse. The administration of 0.012ml/gm Fenestra VC increased 2.1±1.2%, 0.6±0.4%, 0.2±0.2%, 0.4±0.3%, and 0.1±0.2% mean image intensities respectively for the heart chamber, liver, brain, cortical muscle and bladder on PET images with CT-based AC. We conclude that the water-bonebased bilinear approach is adequate for generating attenuation maps for CT-based AC on small animal PET imaging. The administration of Fenestra VC under the routine dosage (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
Pages3747-3750
Number of pages4
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS-MIC - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Oct 27 2007Nov 3 2007

Other

Other2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS-MIC
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period10/27/0711/3/07

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Animals
Imaging techniques
Computerized tomography
Calibration
Blood
Tissue
Liver
Muscle
Rats
Brain
Experiments
Chemical analysis
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Experimental evaluation of the bilinear transformation used in the CT-based attenuation correction for small animal PET imaging. / Jianhua, Yu; Seidel, Jurgen; Pomper, Martin Gilbert; Tsui, Benjamin.

IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record. Vol. 5 2007. p. 3747-3750 4436937.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Jianhua, Y, Seidel, J, Pomper, MG & Tsui, B 2007, Experimental evaluation of the bilinear transformation used in the CT-based attenuation correction for small animal PET imaging. in IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record. vol. 5, 4436937, pp. 3747-3750, 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS-MIC, Honolulu, HI, United States, 10/27/07. https://doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2007.4436937
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abstract = "The purpose of this work is to experimentally evaluate the accuracy of the bilinear transformation method for generating attenuation maps, the accuracy of the CT-based attenuation correction (AC) using these maps for small animal PET imaging, and the reliability of this method when an iodinated contrast agent is introduced in CT scans. The attenuation maps of an attenuation calibration phantom (ACP) with known linear attenuation coefficients (LAC) were generated from both Ge-68 transmission scan and bilinear transformation of CT scan. These maps were then used in AC for quantitative analysis of a hot small sphere imbedded in the ACP phantom. We measured LAC of the mouse blood mixed with an iodinated agent (Fenestra VC) using both Ge-68 transmission scan and bilinear approach, and investigated the effect of CT contrast agent on CT images, attenuation maps and attenuation corrected PET images of the mice, respectively. The phantom experiments showed visually well-matched attenuation maps and within 5{\%} bias agreement on LAC of artificial tissues. CT-based and Getransmission-based AC restored the quantitative PET results for the hot small sphere in ACP phantom from -27{\%} error (without AC) to 0.9{\%} and -3.4{\%}, respectively. The animal experiments showed that CT-based AC restored respectively 15-25{\%} and 4060{\%} PET image intensities for mouse and rat tissues. With the increasing of the ratio of Fenestra to blood, the difference between the CT-based and Ge-transmission-based LAC of the mixture was increased linearly up to 7{\%} at the maximum ratio, which corresponds to the routine limitation on intravenous injection dose for a mouse. The administration of 0.012ml/gm Fenestra VC increased 2.1±1.2{\%}, 0.6±0.4{\%}, 0.2±0.2{\%}, 0.4±0.3{\%}, and 0.1±0.2{\%} mean image intensities respectively for the heart chamber, liver, brain, cortical muscle and bladder on PET images with CT-based AC. We conclude that the water-bonebased bilinear approach is adequate for generating attenuation maps for CT-based AC on small animal PET imaging. The administration of Fenestra VC under the routine dosage (",
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