Experimental and computational study of reaerosolization of 1 to 5 μm PSL microspheres using jet impingement

Jana Kesavan, Pam Humphreys, Babak Nasr, Goodarz Ahmadi, Craig K. Knox, Erica Valdes, Vipin Rastogi, Suresh Dhaniyala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chemical, biological, radiological, and explosive incidents produce immediate as well as delayed hazards as a result of reaerosolization of deposited particles from surfaces. Understanding reaerosolization mechanisms is important for hazard prediction and mitigation processes. A method to efficiently reaerosolize 1–5 µm particles (approximately the size of bacterial spores) has not been previously available; therefore, this study was conducted to test a simple and effective method to reaerosolize such particles. In this work, a high-speed vertical impinging jet was used to reaerosolize 1–5 µm polystyrene latex microspheres from a substrate, and measured removal efficiencies were compared with the performed numerical predictions. Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of location, number of pulsed air jets, particle size, aerosol generation methodology (wet and dry), and relative humidity (RH) on the amount of reaerosolization. The experimental results agreed with the numerical predictions and demonstrated that maximal reaerosolization efficiency (∼90% in several cases) occurs at a few millimeters from the jet center. At the peak removal location, reaerosolization increased with increasing particle size and with increasing number of pulsed air jets. Dry deposited particles exhibited significantly higher reaerosolization compared to wet deposited particles. Equilibration of samples at low (20%) RH showed higher reaerosolization compared to the high RH conditions for dry deposited particles. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of using a single vertical impinging jet for localized reaerosolization of bacteria-sized particles from surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pollution

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    Kesavan, J., Humphreys, P., Nasr, B., Ahmadi, G., Knox, C. K., Valdes, E., Rastogi, V., & Dhaniyala, S. (2017). Experimental and computational study of reaerosolization of 1 to 5 μm PSL microspheres using jet impingement. Aerosol Science and Technology, 51(3), 377-387. https://doi.org/10.1080/02786826.2016.1265081