Experimental and clinical analysis of the characteristics of a chimeric monoclonal antibody, MOv18, reactive with an ovarian cancer-associated antigen

C. F. Molthoff, M. R. Buist, P. Kenemans, H. M. Pinedo, E. Boven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Monoclonal antibody (Mab) MOv18 preferentially reacts with gynecological carcinomas. We have analyzed the characteristics of murine MOv18 (m-MOv18) and chimeric MOv18 (c-MOv18). We found no differences in affinity and binding to IGROV1 cells between c-MOv18 as IgG and F(ab')2 fragments and m-MOv18. In nude mice bearing IGROV1 xenografts, maximum tumor uptake 6-15 hr after i.v. injection of radiolabeled m-MOv18 IgG, c-MOv18 IgG, c-MOv18 F(ab')2 and a control IgG, 2C7, was 10%, 11%, 3% and 4.5% of the injected dose/g (%ID/g), respectively. M- and c-MOv18 IgG retained this level for several days, while c-MOv18 F(ab')2 and 2C7 cleared rapidly from the tumor. Uptake in normal tissues was low, with the exception of high uptake in kidneys for c-MOv18 F(ab')2. Tumor/blood ratios for c-MOv18 F(ab')2 were sixfold higher than for IgG. Radiation absorbed doses to tumor tissue delivered by 10 μCi iodinated m-MOv18 IgG, c-MOv18 IgG and c-MOv18 F(ab')2 were 39 cGy, 49 cGy and 5 cGy, respectively. A cocktail of 125I-c-MOv18 IgG and 131I-c- MOv18 F(ab')2 injected i.v. into an ovarian cancer patient, localized specifically in the tumor. Ovarian cancer tissue samples obtained 2 days postinjection showed a mean uptake of 12.2 x 10-3 and 2.7 x 10-3 %ID/g for c-MOv18 IgG and c-MOv18 F(ab')2, respectively. Results from these in vitro and in vivo experiments indicate that c-MOv18 has promise as a Mab for clinical use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2000-2005
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume33
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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