Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster

Elizabeth D Sloand, Cheryl Killion, Hossein Yarandi, Phyllis W Sharps, Annie Lewis-O'Connor, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary, Nicole Muller Cesar, Doris Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. Background: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. Design: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence. Methods: Data were collected from participants using computer-assisted self-interviews between 2011-2013 including demographics, pre- and post-earthquake violence, perpetrators, risk factors and health consequences. Analysis included frequency, logistic regression and multiple regression. Results/Findings: A majority reported physical, psychological, or sexual abuse both pre- (59%) and post- (64.1%) earthquake. Pre-earthquake, abused adolescents reported the perpetrator as a boyfriend (50%) or family member (30%). Post-earthquake, 20.5% of physical abuse perpetrators were family members. Pre- and post-earthquake physical and sexual abuse did not change. The risk of being sexually abused post-earthquake increased after controlling for age and education. Conclusion: Displaced adolescent girls reported similar rates of physical and sexual abuse pre- and post-earthquake. These findings show the importance of preventive policies for adolescent girls in disaster situations in countries with low resources. Social and cultural change is critically needed since abuse was at an unacceptably high rate prior to the earthquake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Earthquakes
Disasters
Violence
Sex Offenses
Health
Demography
Haiti
Psychology
Survivors

Keywords

  • Adolescent girls
  • Culturally sensitive research
  • Disasters
  • Displacement
  • Gender-based violence
  • Haiti
  • Internally displaced disaster survivors
  • Intimate partner violence and abuse
  • Nurses/nursing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster. / Sloand, Elizabeth D; Killion, Cheryl; Yarandi, Hossein; Sharps, Phyllis W; Lewis-O'Connor, Annie; Hassan, Mona; Gary, Faye; Cesar, Nicole Muller; Campbell, Doris.

In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sloand, Elizabeth D ; Killion, Cheryl ; Yarandi, Hossein ; Sharps, Phyllis W ; Lewis-O'Connor, Annie ; Hassan, Mona ; Gary, Faye ; Cesar, Nicole Muller ; Campbell, Doris. / Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster. In: Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2017.
@article{bda4da9ece6b42ea93e22bcf764bc3ea,
title = "Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster",
abstract = "Aim: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. Background: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. Design: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence. Methods: Data were collected from participants using computer-assisted self-interviews between 2011-2013 including demographics, pre- and post-earthquake violence, perpetrators, risk factors and health consequences. Analysis included frequency, logistic regression and multiple regression. Results/Findings: A majority reported physical, psychological, or sexual abuse both pre- (59{\%}) and post- (64.1{\%}) earthquake. Pre-earthquake, abused adolescents reported the perpetrator as a boyfriend (50{\%}) or family member (30{\%}). Post-earthquake, 20.5{\%} of physical abuse perpetrators were family members. Pre- and post-earthquake physical and sexual abuse did not change. The risk of being sexually abused post-earthquake increased after controlling for age and education. Conclusion: Displaced adolescent girls reported similar rates of physical and sexual abuse pre- and post-earthquake. These findings show the importance of preventive policies for adolescent girls in disaster situations in countries with low resources. Social and cultural change is critically needed since abuse was at an unacceptably high rate prior to the earthquake.",
keywords = "Adolescent girls, Culturally sensitive research, Disasters, Displacement, Gender-based violence, Haiti, Internally displaced disaster survivors, Intimate partner violence and abuse, Nurses/nursing",
author = "Sloand, {Elizabeth D} and Cheryl Killion and Hossein Yarandi and Sharps, {Phyllis W} and Annie Lewis-O'Connor and Mona Hassan and Faye Gary and Cesar, {Nicole Muller} and Doris Campbell",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/jan.13316",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Advanced Nursing",
issn = "0309-2402",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster

AU - Sloand, Elizabeth D

AU - Killion, Cheryl

AU - Yarandi, Hossein

AU - Sharps, Phyllis W

AU - Lewis-O'Connor, Annie

AU - Hassan, Mona

AU - Gary, Faye

AU - Cesar, Nicole Muller

AU - Campbell, Doris

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Aim: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. Background: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. Design: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence. Methods: Data were collected from participants using computer-assisted self-interviews between 2011-2013 including demographics, pre- and post-earthquake violence, perpetrators, risk factors and health consequences. Analysis included frequency, logistic regression and multiple regression. Results/Findings: A majority reported physical, psychological, or sexual abuse both pre- (59%) and post- (64.1%) earthquake. Pre-earthquake, abused adolescents reported the perpetrator as a boyfriend (50%) or family member (30%). Post-earthquake, 20.5% of physical abuse perpetrators were family members. Pre- and post-earthquake physical and sexual abuse did not change. The risk of being sexually abused post-earthquake increased after controlling for age and education. Conclusion: Displaced adolescent girls reported similar rates of physical and sexual abuse pre- and post-earthquake. These findings show the importance of preventive policies for adolescent girls in disaster situations in countries with low resources. Social and cultural change is critically needed since abuse was at an unacceptably high rate prior to the earthquake.

AB - Aim: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. Background: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. Design: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence. Methods: Data were collected from participants using computer-assisted self-interviews between 2011-2013 including demographics, pre- and post-earthquake violence, perpetrators, risk factors and health consequences. Analysis included frequency, logistic regression and multiple regression. Results/Findings: A majority reported physical, psychological, or sexual abuse both pre- (59%) and post- (64.1%) earthquake. Pre-earthquake, abused adolescents reported the perpetrator as a boyfriend (50%) or family member (30%). Post-earthquake, 20.5% of physical abuse perpetrators were family members. Pre- and post-earthquake physical and sexual abuse did not change. The risk of being sexually abused post-earthquake increased after controlling for age and education. Conclusion: Displaced adolescent girls reported similar rates of physical and sexual abuse pre- and post-earthquake. These findings show the importance of preventive policies for adolescent girls in disaster situations in countries with low resources. Social and cultural change is critically needed since abuse was at an unacceptably high rate prior to the earthquake.

KW - Adolescent girls

KW - Culturally sensitive research

KW - Disasters

KW - Displacement

KW - Gender-based violence

KW - Haiti

KW - Internally displaced disaster survivors

KW - Intimate partner violence and abuse

KW - Nurses/nursing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019849014&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019849014&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jan.13316

DO - 10.1111/jan.13316

M3 - Article

C2 - 28398661

AN - SCOPUS:85019849014

JO - Journal of Advanced Nursing

JF - Journal of Advanced Nursing

SN - 0309-2402

ER -