The failure of immune effector mechanisms to control HIV-1 infection has important consequences for the human host. In a randomized cohort of HIV- infected patients, there was striking in vitro restriction of the proliferative response to HIV-1 envelope protein (Env), gp160; only 34% of patients recognized Env. Therapeutic vaccination with recombinant gp160 or gp120 (rgp160, rgp120) reversed the restriction in vitro, with Env recognition rising to 81%. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from HIV-infected vaccine recipients, placebo recipients, and seronegative volunteers were cultured with exogenous IL-7 or IL-12 and either tetanus toxoid (TT) or gp160. IL-7 significantly augmented proliferative responses to TT and gp160, whereas IL-12 only affected proliferation to gp160. IL-7, but not IL-12, increased the number of HIV-infected placebo recipients who recognized rgp160. IL-12 had its greatest effect in the induction of rgp160- specific responses from seronegative individuals. The data suggest that these two cytokines have differential activity in the relief of restricted cellular immunity to Env; the predominant effect of IL-7 is in individuals who have been primed by exposure to antigen, while the effect of IL-12 is most evident in seronegative, unprimed individuals. Modification of restricted proliferative responses to Env by vaccination or cytokines in vitro suggests that strategies incorporating IL-7 or IL-12 as adjuvants may selectively boost cellular reactivity to HIV-1.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - 1997|
- T cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy