Expandable Cages for Thoracic Spinal Deformity

Paul E. Kaloostian, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Correction of kyphotic deformity of the spine is quite complex, especially in the thoracic spine. A variety of techniques exist for correction of thoracic kyphotic deformity; however, the controversy continues regarding the most efficacious approaches toward improving adequate sagittal balance, obtaining successful fusion of the construct, and providing an adequate scaffold anteriorly to tolerate the forces placed upon the anterior spine. Additionally, these goals must be accomplished while minimizing patient neurological morbidity. The use of an expandable thoracic cage to reconstruct the anterior and middle columns has proven to be a successful method of correcting thoracic kyphotic deformity, especially since 80 % of the axial vector load placed upon the spine is specifically along these particular columns [1].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMinimally Invasive Spinal Deformity Surgery
Subtitle of host publicationAn Evolution of Modern Techniques
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Wien
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783709114070
ISBN (Print)9783709114063
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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