Exophthalmos from vascular orbital and retro-orbital lesions: Neurosurgical experience of 84 cases, 1951-1976

Giorgio Iraci, Massimo A. Gerosa, Antonio G. Secchi, Daniele L. Fiore, Kurt Pardatscher, Raffaele Javicoli, Laura Tomazzoli, Renzo Giordano, Alessandro Setti, Alessandro Olivi, Francesco Galligioni, Luigi Peserico

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Abstract

A series of 84 patients with exophthalmos caused by vascular lesions, or neoplastic lesions with a predominant vascular component, is discussed. All patients, observed in the period before CT scan, were investigated by traditional neuroradio-logical techniques, notably angiographic ones (carotid arteriogram and orbital phlebogram). In several cases, cerebral vascular lesions such as saccular aneurysms and arterio-venous malformations, cerebral angiomas and uncommon arterio-venous shunts, were the cause of the exophthalmos. The case is argued for the continuing importance of both types of angiographic examination, especially cerebral angiography, in the investigation of exophthalmos after 'non-invasive' techniques (CT scan, ultrasonography) have allowed a preliminary screening and established a firmer indication for 'invasive' examinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-26
Number of pages16
JournalOrbit
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Iraci, G., Gerosa, M. A., Secchi, A. G., Fiore, D. L., Pardatscher, K., Javicoli, R., Tomazzoli, L., Giordano, R., Setti, A., Olivi, A., Galligioni, F., & Peserico, L. (1983). Exophthalmos from vascular orbital and retro-orbital lesions: Neurosurgical experience of 84 cases, 1951-1976. Orbit, 2(1), 11-26. https://doi.org/10.3109/01676838309019151