Using cultured Y-1 mouse adrenal tumor cells which produce 20 alpha-hydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (20-DHP), it was found that 0.01 mM corticosterone and deoxycorticosterone increased basal and inhibited ACTH-induced 20-DHP production during consecutive 30 and 120 min incubations. Steroid effects were concentration-dependent and reversible. Six other steroids tested did not stimulate 20-DHP production and varied in ability to inhibit ACTH-stimulated steroidogenesis. Experiments demonstrated that 20-DHP production following treatment with cholera toxin, N, 0'-dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP), or pregnenolone was not inhibited by exogenous steroids. Corticosterone (0.01 mM) increased basal and inhibited ACTH-induced intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) production. Cytochalasin D, a microfilament perturbing agent, inhibited steroid-stimulated 20-DHP production, suggesting that ACTH and steroid stimulation mechanisms were similar. These findings taken together suggest that exogenous steroids can alter steroidogenesis by modifying plasma membrane adenylate cyclase activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology