Exercise training improves cardiac performance in diabetes: In vivo demonstration with quantitative cine-MRI analyses

Rajprasad Loganathan, Mehmet Bilgen, Baraa Al-Hafez, Svyatoslav V. Zhero, Mohammed D. Alenezy, Irina V. Smirnova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a distinct myocardial complication of the catabolic state of untreated insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat. Exercise training has long been utilized as an effective adjunct to pharmacotherapy in the management of the diabetic heart. However, the in vivo functional benefit(s) of the training programs on cardiac cycle events in diabetes are poorly understood. In this study, we used three groups of Sprague-Dawley rats (sedentary control, sedentary diabetic, and exercised diabetic) to assess the effects of endurance training on the left ventricular (LV) cardiac cycle events in diabetes. At the end of 9 wk of exercise training, noninvasive cardiac functional evaluation was performed by using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (9.4 T). An ECG-gated cine imaging protocol was used to capture the LV cardiac cycle events through 10 equally incremented phases. The cardiac cycle phase volumetric profiles showed favorable functional changes in exercised diabetic group, including a prevention of decreased end-diastolic volume and attenuation of increased end-systolic volume that accompanies sedentary diabetes. The defects in LV systolic flow velocity, acceleration, and jerk associated with sedentary diabetes were restored toward control levels in the trained diabetic animals. This magnetic resonance imaging study confirms the prevailing evidence from earlier in vitro and in vivo invasive procedures that exercise training benefits cardiac function in this model of diabetic cardiomyopathy despite the extreme catabolic state of the animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-672
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Cardiac cycle
  • Diabetic cardiomyopathy
  • Left ventricle
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exercise training improves cardiac performance in diabetes: In vivo demonstration with quantitative cine-MRI analyses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this