Physical activity is an essential lifestyle intervention for the patient with existing cardiovascular disease. National guidelines describe the importance of and define the minimal doses of daily physical activity including walking 10,000 steps a day (equivalent to 5 miles) or performing 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity most days of the week in 10- to 15-minute bouts. However, cardiac patients are often fearful that increasing physical activity would be detrimental and cause chest pain or myocardial infarction. Research has shown that cardiac patients can perform a walking program safely. Patient education; development of a realistic plan; measurement of the frequency, intensity, duration, and type of physical activity attained; and consistent follow-up over time are key strategies. This article provides important information for healthcare providers to plan a safe and efficacious walking plan to increase physical activity in the cardiac patient.
- Cardiovascular disease
- Lifestyle intervention
- Physical activityb
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing