Excitatory effects of gastric electrical stimulation on gastric distension responsive neurons in ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) in rats

Xiangrong Sun, Ming Tang, Jing Zhang, Jiande D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been used for the treatment of obesity with unclear central mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of GES on the neuronal activity in the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH). Methods: Extracellular potentials of single neurons in VMH were recorded in 52 anesthetized rats. Neurons were classified as gastric distension-excitatory (GD-E) neurons or GD-inhibitory (GD-I) neurons. GES with four sets of parameters was applied for comparison. Results: Eighty two neurons out of 96 (85.41%) in VMH responded to gastric distension (GD). 37.8% were GD-E neurons and 51(62.2%) were GD-I neurons. 55.0%, 17.6%, 77.8%, 14.3% of GD-E neurons were excited by four sets of parameters: GES1 (standard), GES2 (reduced pulse numbers), GES3 (increased pulse width) and GES4 (reduced frequency), respectively. More GD-E neurons were excited by GES3 (P < 0.05 versus GES2 or GES4) and by GES1 (P < 0.02 versus GES2 or GES4). Among the GD-I neurons, 63.6, 37.9, 73.3, and 51.9% neurons were excited by GES1-4, respectively. Conclusion: GES with parameters used for treating obesity excites GD-responsive neurons in VMH. The excitatory effect of GES is related to the strength of stimulation, including pulse frequency and width as well as pulse train on-time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-457
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience Research
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Gastric distension responsive neurons
  • Gastric electrical stimulation
  • Obesity
  • Rats
  • Ventromedial hypothalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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