Examining the Relationship Between Word Reading Efficiency and Oral Reading Rate in Predicting Comprehension Among Different Types of Readers

Sarah H. Eason, John Sabatini, Lindsay Goldberg, Kelly Bruce, Laurie E. Cutting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To further explore contextual reading rate, an important aspect of reading fluency, we examined the relationship between word reading efficiency (WRE) and contextual oral reading rate (ORR), the degree to which they overlap across different comprehension measures, whether oral language (semantics and syntax) predicts ORR beyond contributions of word-level skills, and whether the WRE-ORR relationship varies based on different reader profiles. Assessing reading and language of average readers, poor decoders, and poor comprehenders, ages 10 to 14, ORR was the strongest predictor of comprehension across various formats; WRE contributed no unique variance after taking ORR into account. Findings indicated that semantics, not syntax, contributed to ORR. Poor comprehenders performed below average on measures of ORR, despite average WRE, expanding previous findings suggesting specific weaknesses in ORR for this group. Together, findings suggest that ORR draws upon skills beyond those captured by WRE and suggests a role for oral language (semantics) in ORR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-223
Number of pages25
JournalScientific Studies of Reading
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Fingerprint

Reading
comprehension
efficiency
Semantics
Language
semantics
syntax
language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Examining the Relationship Between Word Reading Efficiency and Oral Reading Rate in Predicting Comprehension Among Different Types of Readers. / Eason, Sarah H.; Sabatini, John; Goldberg, Lindsay; Bruce, Kelly; Cutting, Laurie E.

In: Scientific Studies of Reading, Vol. 17, No. 3, 05.2013, p. 199-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eason, Sarah H. ; Sabatini, John ; Goldberg, Lindsay ; Bruce, Kelly ; Cutting, Laurie E. / Examining the Relationship Between Word Reading Efficiency and Oral Reading Rate in Predicting Comprehension Among Different Types of Readers. In: Scientific Studies of Reading. 2013 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 199-223.
@article{9e35909e412142d49ab4bcc8b2b1f817,
title = "Examining the Relationship Between Word Reading Efficiency and Oral Reading Rate in Predicting Comprehension Among Different Types of Readers",
abstract = "To further explore contextual reading rate, an important aspect of reading fluency, we examined the relationship between word reading efficiency (WRE) and contextual oral reading rate (ORR), the degree to which they overlap across different comprehension measures, whether oral language (semantics and syntax) predicts ORR beyond contributions of word-level skills, and whether the WRE-ORR relationship varies based on different reader profiles. Assessing reading and language of average readers, poor decoders, and poor comprehenders, ages 10 to 14, ORR was the strongest predictor of comprehension across various formats; WRE contributed no unique variance after taking ORR into account. Findings indicated that semantics, not syntax, contributed to ORR. Poor comprehenders performed below average on measures of ORR, despite average WRE, expanding previous findings suggesting specific weaknesses in ORR for this group. Together, findings suggest that ORR draws upon skills beyond those captured by WRE and suggests a role for oral language (semantics) in ORR.",
author = "Eason, {Sarah H.} and John Sabatini and Lindsay Goldberg and Kelly Bruce and Cutting, {Laurie E.}",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1080/10888438.2011.652722",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "199--223",
journal = "Scientific Studies of Reading",
issn = "1088-8438",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Examining the Relationship Between Word Reading Efficiency and Oral Reading Rate in Predicting Comprehension Among Different Types of Readers

AU - Eason, Sarah H.

AU - Sabatini, John

AU - Goldberg, Lindsay

AU - Bruce, Kelly

AU - Cutting, Laurie E.

PY - 2013/5

Y1 - 2013/5

N2 - To further explore contextual reading rate, an important aspect of reading fluency, we examined the relationship between word reading efficiency (WRE) and contextual oral reading rate (ORR), the degree to which they overlap across different comprehension measures, whether oral language (semantics and syntax) predicts ORR beyond contributions of word-level skills, and whether the WRE-ORR relationship varies based on different reader profiles. Assessing reading and language of average readers, poor decoders, and poor comprehenders, ages 10 to 14, ORR was the strongest predictor of comprehension across various formats; WRE contributed no unique variance after taking ORR into account. Findings indicated that semantics, not syntax, contributed to ORR. Poor comprehenders performed below average on measures of ORR, despite average WRE, expanding previous findings suggesting specific weaknesses in ORR for this group. Together, findings suggest that ORR draws upon skills beyond those captured by WRE and suggests a role for oral language (semantics) in ORR.

AB - To further explore contextual reading rate, an important aspect of reading fluency, we examined the relationship between word reading efficiency (WRE) and contextual oral reading rate (ORR), the degree to which they overlap across different comprehension measures, whether oral language (semantics and syntax) predicts ORR beyond contributions of word-level skills, and whether the WRE-ORR relationship varies based on different reader profiles. Assessing reading and language of average readers, poor decoders, and poor comprehenders, ages 10 to 14, ORR was the strongest predictor of comprehension across various formats; WRE contributed no unique variance after taking ORR into account. Findings indicated that semantics, not syntax, contributed to ORR. Poor comprehenders performed below average on measures of ORR, despite average WRE, expanding previous findings suggesting specific weaknesses in ORR for this group. Together, findings suggest that ORR draws upon skills beyond those captured by WRE and suggests a role for oral language (semantics) in ORR.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876110417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876110417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10888438.2011.652722

DO - 10.1080/10888438.2011.652722

M3 - Article

C2 - 23667307

AN - SCOPUS:84876110417

VL - 17

SP - 199

EP - 223

JO - Scientific Studies of Reading

JF - Scientific Studies of Reading

SN - 1088-8438

IS - 3

ER -