Examining Ethnic, Gender, and Developmental Differences in the Way Children Report Being a Victim of "Bullying" on Self-Report Measures

Anne L. Sawyer, Catherine P. Bradshaw, Lindsey M. O'Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Racial/ethnic differences in children's self-reports of being a frequent victim of bullying were assessed via two commonly used strategies: a definition-based single-item measure and behavior-based multiresponse measure. Methods: Logistic regression analyses were conducted on survey data from 24,345 youth to examine ethnic differences in youths' responses to definition-based and behavior-based measures of victimization. Separate analyses were conducted for boys and girls at different school levels. Results: Prevalence estimates were higher using the behavior-based measure than definition-based measure. Several ethnic differences emerged, such that African American youth tended to be less likely than their white counterparts to indicate that they were bullied using the definition-based measure. African American girls and African American and Asian middle-school boys who reported being a victim via the behavior-based measure were less likely to report being a frequent victim of "bullying" via the definition-based measure. Conclusion: Prevalence estimates vary considerably by the way in which victimization is assessed. African American youth who were victimized tended to under-report being a victim of "bullying." Self-report studies of bullying should carefully consider the measures used to assess victimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-114
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Fingerprint

Bullying
Self Report
African Americans
Crime Victims
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Measurement
  • Prevention and intervention
  • Race
  • School violence
  • Victimization
  • Violence prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Examining Ethnic, Gender, and Developmental Differences in the Way Children Report Being a Victim of "Bullying" on Self-Report Measures. / Sawyer, Anne L.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.; O'Brennan, Lindsey M.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 43, No. 2, 08.2008, p. 106-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sawyer, Anne L. ; Bradshaw, Catherine P. ; O'Brennan, Lindsey M. / Examining Ethnic, Gender, and Developmental Differences in the Way Children Report Being a Victim of "Bullying" on Self-Report Measures. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2008 ; Vol. 43, No. 2. pp. 106-114.
@article{997ecec0c3474d5392a886a503e698d5,
title = "Examining Ethnic, Gender, and Developmental Differences in the Way Children Report Being a Victim of {"}Bullying{"} on Self-Report Measures",
abstract = "Purpose: Racial/ethnic differences in children's self-reports of being a frequent victim of bullying were assessed via two commonly used strategies: a definition-based single-item measure and behavior-based multiresponse measure. Methods: Logistic regression analyses were conducted on survey data from 24,345 youth to examine ethnic differences in youths' responses to definition-based and behavior-based measures of victimization. Separate analyses were conducted for boys and girls at different school levels. Results: Prevalence estimates were higher using the behavior-based measure than definition-based measure. Several ethnic differences emerged, such that African American youth tended to be less likely than their white counterparts to indicate that they were bullied using the definition-based measure. African American girls and African American and Asian middle-school boys who reported being a victim via the behavior-based measure were less likely to report being a frequent victim of {"}bullying{"} via the definition-based measure. Conclusion: Prevalence estimates vary considerably by the way in which victimization is assessed. African American youth who were victimized tended to under-report being a victim of {"}bullying.{"} Self-report studies of bullying should carefully consider the measures used to assess victimization.",
keywords = "Bullying, Measurement, Prevention and intervention, Race, School violence, Victimization, Violence prevention",
author = "Sawyer, {Anne L.} and Bradshaw, {Catherine P.} and O'Brennan, {Lindsey M.}",
year = "2008",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.12.011",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "106--114",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Examining Ethnic, Gender, and Developmental Differences in the Way Children Report Being a Victim of "Bullying" on Self-Report Measures

AU - Sawyer, Anne L.

AU - Bradshaw, Catherine P.

AU - O'Brennan, Lindsey M.

PY - 2008/8

Y1 - 2008/8

N2 - Purpose: Racial/ethnic differences in children's self-reports of being a frequent victim of bullying were assessed via two commonly used strategies: a definition-based single-item measure and behavior-based multiresponse measure. Methods: Logistic regression analyses were conducted on survey data from 24,345 youth to examine ethnic differences in youths' responses to definition-based and behavior-based measures of victimization. Separate analyses were conducted for boys and girls at different school levels. Results: Prevalence estimates were higher using the behavior-based measure than definition-based measure. Several ethnic differences emerged, such that African American youth tended to be less likely than their white counterparts to indicate that they were bullied using the definition-based measure. African American girls and African American and Asian middle-school boys who reported being a victim via the behavior-based measure were less likely to report being a frequent victim of "bullying" via the definition-based measure. Conclusion: Prevalence estimates vary considerably by the way in which victimization is assessed. African American youth who were victimized tended to under-report being a victim of "bullying." Self-report studies of bullying should carefully consider the measures used to assess victimization.

AB - Purpose: Racial/ethnic differences in children's self-reports of being a frequent victim of bullying were assessed via two commonly used strategies: a definition-based single-item measure and behavior-based multiresponse measure. Methods: Logistic regression analyses were conducted on survey data from 24,345 youth to examine ethnic differences in youths' responses to definition-based and behavior-based measures of victimization. Separate analyses were conducted for boys and girls at different school levels. Results: Prevalence estimates were higher using the behavior-based measure than definition-based measure. Several ethnic differences emerged, such that African American youth tended to be less likely than their white counterparts to indicate that they were bullied using the definition-based measure. African American girls and African American and Asian middle-school boys who reported being a victim via the behavior-based measure were less likely to report being a frequent victim of "bullying" via the definition-based measure. Conclusion: Prevalence estimates vary considerably by the way in which victimization is assessed. African American youth who were victimized tended to under-report being a victim of "bullying." Self-report studies of bullying should carefully consider the measures used to assess victimization.

KW - Bullying

KW - Measurement

KW - Prevention and intervention

KW - Race

KW - School violence

KW - Victimization

KW - Violence prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=47049099096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=47049099096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.12.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.12.011

M3 - Article

C2 - 18639783

AN - SCOPUS:47049099096

VL - 43

SP - 106

EP - 114

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 2

ER -