Examining Contextual Influences on Classroom-Based Implementation of Positive Behavior Support Strategies: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial

Elise T. Pas, Tracy E. Waasdorp, Catherine P. Bradshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although it is widely recognized that variation in implementation fidelity influences the impact of preventive interventions, little is known about how specific contextual factors may affect the implementation of social and behavioral interventions in classrooms. Theoretical research highlights the importance of multiple contextual influences on implementation, including factors at the classroom and school level (Domitrovich et al., Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 1, 6–28, 2008). The current study used multi-level modeling to empirically examine the influence of teacher, classroom, and school characteristics on the implementation of classroom-based positive behavior support strategies over the course of 4 years. Data were collected in the context of a 37-school randomized controlled trial examining the effectiveness of school-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports. Multi-level results identified several school-level contextual factors (e.g., school size, behavioral disruptions) and teacher-level factors (perceptions of school organizational health and grade level taught) associated with variability in the implementation of classroom-based positive behavior supports. Implications for prevention research and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1096-1106
Number of pages11
JournalPrevention Science
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • Contextual factors
  • Implementation
  • Multi-level HLM
  • Positive behavior supports
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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