Examination of fetal growth trajectories following infertility treatment

Melody Besharati, Frauke von Versen-Höynck, Kris Kapphahn, Valerie Lynn Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to compare fetal growth during the second and third trimesters for ovulation induction with intrauterine insemination (IUI), fresh embryo transfer (ET), frozen embryo transfer (FET), and spontaneous conception following infertility. Methods: Three hundred ninety-five women with viable pregnancies confirmed at a single academic fertility center participated. All women achieved pregnancy either by treatment or spontaneously after a diagnosis of infertility. Inclusion criteria included autologous singleton pregnancies. Exclusion criteria included pregnancies from donor oocytes, twins, unavailable ultrasound data, and treatment methods with small number of participants. Primary outcomes of interest were head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), HC/AC ratio, and estimated fetal weight (EFW). Conditional growth curve models were created, and growth curves were selected for each outcome of interest. Results: For ovulation induction with IUI, fresh ET, FET, and spontaneous conception, the slope analysis of growth curves for per-week growth rate of HC, AC, HC/AC ratio, and EFW demonstrated no difference. A subgroup analysis of fresh ET and FET groups, for same outcomes, also showed no difference. Conclusion: These findings contribute to the very limited literature on fetal growth trajectories following infertility treatment and suggest no significant differences in fetal growth for ovulation induction with IUI, fresh ET, FET, and spontaneous conception following infertility. It is possible there were no differences in growth trajectories between these conception methods because the majority of children born following infertility are of normal birth weight. While results are reassuring, further research with larger populations is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1399-1407
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020


  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • Embryo transfer
  • Fetal growth
  • Spontaneous conception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Examination of fetal growth trajectories following infertility treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this