Evidence of degraded BMD and geometry at the proximal femora in male patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis

Dj Culafić, D. Djonic, V. Culafic-Vojinovic, S. Ignjatovic, I. Soldatovic, J. Vasic, T. J. Beck, M. Djuric

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Summary: We examined the association of alcoholic cirrhosis in 33 patients with areal bone mineral density (BMD) and the assessed bone geometric strength of their proximal femora. Lower areal BMD, cross-sectional area and section modulus, thinner cortex, and higher buckling ratio suggest that the alcoholic liver cirrhosis is associated with lower measures of bone strength.

Introduction: Hepatic bone disease is an important complication of chronic liver disease and is associated with significant morbidity through fractures resulting in pain, deformity, and immobility. In this study, we examined the association of alcoholic cirrhosis and liver insufficiency stage with areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and additionally employed hip structure analysis (HSA) as an advanced method to assess bone geometric strength of the proximal femur in men with alcoholic liver cirrhosis.

Methods: The study included 33 male patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and a control group of 36 healthy patients. Laboratory testing included the following biochemical markers of bone turnover: serum levels of osteocalcin and C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen. Areal BMD was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry on the proximal femora. Structural parameters were then derived from these scans using hip structure analysis software.

Results: After adjusting for age, body height, and weight, we found lower cross-sectional area (p = 0.005) and section modulus (p = 0.005), thinner cortex (p = 0.012), and higher buckling ratio (p = 0.043) in the neck region among patients with cirrhosis. The findings suggest that alcoholic liver cirrhosis is associated with lower measures of bone strength. These findings were consistent with decreased osteocalcin values and increased C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen in patients with cirrhosis, indicating reduction in bone formation and increased bone resorption.

Conclusion: Our results emphasize that HSA-derived structural indices of proximal femoral structure may be an important index of greater fragility in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Alcoholic liver cirrhosis
  • Bone mineral density
  • Hepatic osteodystrophy
  • Hip structure analysis
  • Osteocalcin
  • β-cross laps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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    Culafić, D., Djonic, D., Culafic-Vojinovic, V., Ignjatovic, S., Soldatovic, I., Vasic, J., Beck, T. J., & Djuric, M. (2014). Evidence of degraded BMD and geometry at the proximal femora in male patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Osteoporosis International, 26(1), 253-259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-014-2849-4