Evidence for Specificity of Motor Impairments in Catching and Balance in Children with Autism

Katarina Ament, Amanda Mejia, Rebecca Buhlman, Shannon Erklin, Brian Caffo, Stewart Mostofsky, Ericka Wodka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To evaluate evidence for motor impairment specificity in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children completed performance-based assessment of motor functioning (Movement Assessment Battery for Children: MABC-2). Logistic regression models were used to predict group membership. In the models comparing typically developing and developmental disability (DD), all three MABC subscale scores were significantly negatively associated with having a DD. In the models comparing ADHD and ASD, catching and static balance items were associated with ASD group membership, with a 1 point decrease in performance increasing odds of ASD by 36 and 39 %, respectively. Impairments in motor skills requiring the coupling of visual and temporal feedback to guide and adjust movement appear specifically deficient in ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742-751
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Autism
  • Motor impairment
  • Specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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