Evidence for parent of origin effect in late-onset Alzheimer disease

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Abstract

Evidence for a parent of origin effect in Alzheimer disease was obtained from a sample of 148 sibships on which affection status of the parents was sought using family history interviews. The parent study recruited families with two or more affected sibs for late onset AD utilizing rigorous diagnostic criteria. In 74 families, there was evidence of an affected parent, 49 maternal and 25 paternal. Genome scan data were analyzed for the sample as a whole and for the maternal and paternal families separately, using Genehunter-ASM. Seven regions with Z1r scores ≥2 were identified, four in maternal families (chr. 10,12,19,20) and three in paternal families (chr. 1,7,13). With the exception of the chromosome 10 finding, analysis by parent of origin greatly increased evidence of linkage in areas showing no linkage in the overall analyses. For example, a chr. 12 region reached a LOD = 2.29 among maternal families whereas the same region showed a LOD = 0.3 when all families were analyzed together. The strongest findings among maternal families (chr. 10 and 12) were followed up with fine mapping that resulted in an increase in maximum LOD scores from 2.7-3.2 on chr. 10, and 2.29-2.42 on chr. 12. These analyses highlight the importance of parent of origin effects in late-onset AD families and identify several genomic regions that may include genes linked to late-onset AD specific to disease transmission from the mother and require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-686
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics - Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume114
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 8 2002

Keywords

  • Family history
  • Genetic imprinting
  • Maternal transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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