Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in men in the US. Genetic susceptibility to prostate cancer has been well documented. A region at chromosome 20q13 (HPC20) has been reported to be linked to a prostate cancer susceptibility gene. To confirm this finding, we genotyped 16 markers spanning ∼95 cM on chromosome 20 in 159 hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) families. Positive (but not statistically significant) linkage scores were observed from 20pter to 20q11, with the highest non-parametric linkage (NPL) score for the complete dataset of 1.02 (P=0.15) being observed at D20S195 at 20q11. Evidence for linkage from parametric analyses with a dominant or a recessive model was weak. Interestingly, consistent with the original findings of linkage to 20 g higher linkage scores were observed in the subsets of families with a later age at diagnosis (≥65 years; n=80, NPL=1.94, P=0.029 at D20S186), fewer than five affected family members (n=69, NPL=1.74, P=0.037 at D20S889), or without male-to-male disease transmission (n=60, NPL=1.01, P=0.15 at D20S117). The region with positive linkage scores spanned ∼60 cM from 20pter to 20q11 in these subsets of families. Our results are consistent with a prostate cancer susceptibility locus on chromosome 20.
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