Evidence-based structural interventions for HIV prevention: Microenterprise and vulnerable populations

Susan Sherman, Kyle Hunter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Microenterprise approaches have been used in the context of both HIV prevention and treatment (e.g., adherence to antiretroviral therapy) with several highly vulnerable populations including women, female sex workers, and low-income HIV-positive individuals. This chapter defines and describes different approaches to microenterprise in the context of HIV prevention. The chapter also includes several case studies with vulnerable populations to evaluate the effectiveness of structural approaches to HIV prevention, including the IMAGE study, the Undarga study, the JEWEL study, and the Chennai study. The chapter concludes by outlining directions for future policy and research, including gaps and principles in research on HIV prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationStructural Interventions for HIV Prevention
Subtitle of host publicationOptimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780190675486
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Economics
  • Female sex workers
  • HIV prevention
  • Microenterprise
  • Microlending

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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