Evidence-based psychotherapy for schizophrenia: 2011 update

Faith B. Dickerson, Anthony F. Lehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Many patients with schizophrenia have psychological distress and receive some form of psychotherapy. Several different psychotherapeutic approaches for schizophrenia have been developed and studied. Of these approaches, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has the strongest evidence base and has shown benefit for symptom reduction in outpatients with residual symptoms. In addition to CBT, other approaches include compliance therapy, personal therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and supportive therapy. Although usually studied as distinct approaches, these therapies overlap with each other in their therapeutic elements. Psychotherapy for schizophrenia continues to evolve with the recent advent of such approaches as metacognitive therapy, narrative therapies, and mindfulness therapy. Future research may also consider three different goals of psychotherapy in this patient population: to provide emotional support, to enhance functional recovery, and to alter the underlying illness process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-526
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • cognitive behavior
  • Psychotherapy
  • schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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