Evidence and thoughts about thyroid nodules that grow after they have been identified as benign by aspiration cytology

Manfred Blum, Mehboob A. Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Coherent management of thyroid nodules that grow after being identified as benign will vary depending on their biology. Some are thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) regulated, so a dose of levothyroxine that reduces TSH to the lower limits of normal (subsuppression) may prevent or reverse enlargement; others are controlled by poorly understood mechanisms that must be elucidated before effective medical treatment can be designed; a few are autonomous requiring obliteration, and a very few are "missed" malignancies that should be excised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-641
Number of pages5
JournalThyroid
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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