Evalution of a social health intervention among homeless tuberculosis patients

E. Díez, J. Clavería, T. Serra, J. A. Caylà, J. M. Jansà, R. Pedro, J. R. Villalbí

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Setting: Homeless and other fringe groups are a priority in the global strategies of tuberculosis prevention and control in big cities, as a consequence of their generally poor adherence to treatment and concurrent multiple social and health problems. Objective: To evaluate a social care and health follow-up programme targeting homeless tuberculosis patients in Ciutat Vella District, Barcelona, which covered 210 patients; from 1987 to 1992. During directly observed treatment, primary health care and, if necessary, accommodation was provided. Design: The differential tuberculosis incidence rate between Ciutat Vella and the other districts of Barcelona, the percentage of successfully completed treatments and the days of hospitalization saved by the programme were measured. Results: There was a significant decrease in the tuberculosis incidence rate among homeless patients in Ciutat Vella (from 32.4 per 105 inhabitants in 1987, to 19.8 per 105 in 1992, P = 0.03), compared to an unchanged rate elsewhere (1.6 per 105 inhabitants in 1987, compared to 1.7 per 105 in 1992, P = 0.34). A smaller than expected proportion, 19.6%, of patients failed to complete their treatment, and a decrease in the mean period of hospitalization for tuberculosis in the district hospital was recorded, falling from a mean 27.1 days in 1986 to a mean 15.7 days in 1992. Conclusion: The programme appears to be both effective and efficient, as it has enabled a large number of homeless patients to complete their treatment successfully, at the same time saving twice the amount of funds invested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-424
Number of pages5
JournalTubercle and Lung Disease
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Tuberculosis
Health
Hospitalization
Therapeutics
Aftercare
District Hospitals
Social Problems
Incidence
Financial Management
Primary Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Díez, E., Clavería, J., Serra, T., Caylà, J. A., Jansà, J. M., Pedro, R., & Villalbí, J. R. (1996). Evalution of a social health intervention among homeless tuberculosis patients. Tubercle and Lung Disease, 77(5), 420-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0962-8479(96)90114-8

Evalution of a social health intervention among homeless tuberculosis patients. / Díez, E.; Clavería, J.; Serra, T.; Caylà, J. A.; Jansà, J. M.; Pedro, R.; Villalbí, J. R.

In: Tubercle and Lung Disease, Vol. 77, No. 5, 1996, p. 420-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Díez, E, Clavería, J, Serra, T, Caylà, JA, Jansà, JM, Pedro, R & Villalbí, JR 1996, 'Evalution of a social health intervention among homeless tuberculosis patients', Tubercle and Lung Disease, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 420-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0962-8479(96)90114-8
Díez, E. ; Clavería, J. ; Serra, T. ; Caylà, J. A. ; Jansà, J. M. ; Pedro, R. ; Villalbí, J. R. / Evalution of a social health intervention among homeless tuberculosis patients. In: Tubercle and Lung Disease. 1996 ; Vol. 77, No. 5. pp. 420-424.
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