Evaluation of18F-RO-948 PET for quantitative assessment of tau accumulation in the human brain

Hiroto Kuwabara, Robert A. Comley, Edilio Borroni, Michael Honer, Kelly Kitmiller, Joshua Roberts, Lorena Gapasin, Anil Mathur, Gregory Klein, Dean F. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The availability of tau PET radioligands enables quantitative assessment of tau density and distribution in the human brain. We evaluated the kinetics of a novel radioligand,18F-RO-948 (previously referred to as18F-RO6958948), and its ability to identify tau positivity in individual patients with mild Alzheimer disease (AD). Methods: Eleven subjects with amyloid-positive mild AD, 5 amyloid-negative older control subjects (OC), and 5 younger control subjects (YC) completed 1 or 2 (4 AD and 5 OC) PET scans with18F-RO-948 for 90, 120, or 200 min. The kinetics of the radioligand was evaluated with standard compartmental and noncompartmental models (with plasma data in 70% of cases), tissue-reference methods, and SUV ratio. These approaches were applied to assess the ability of18F-RO-948 to discriminate AD subjects from OC subjects. Results: The plasma reference graphical analysis appeared to be the optimal method of quantification for18F-RO-948, yielding strictly time-consistent values of distribution volume and distribution volume ratio at 90 min against the analyses at 120 and 200 min. The reference tissue graphical analysis and SUV ratio were cross-validated against plasma reference graphical analysis. Test–retest evaluation showed excellent reproducibility. A proposed novel index of tau load, the regional tau-positive fraction, showed high values in the medial and lateral temporal and parietal regions in AD and successfully separated AD subjects from OC and YC subjects with a significant margin. Conclusion:18F-RO-948 appears to be a promising radioligand for quantitative imaging of tau in the brain of AD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1877-1884
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume59
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • F-RO6958948 for tau imaging
  • Neurology
  • PET
  • Radiotracer tissue kinetics
  • Radiotracer tissue kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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