To improve surveillance for Cryptosporidium oocysts in water, the US Environmental Protection Agency developed method 1622, which consists of filtration, concentration, immunomagnetic separation, fluorescent antibody and 4, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) counter-staining, and microscopic evaluation. Two filters were compared for analysis of 11 stream water samples collected throughout the United States. Replicate 10-L stream water samples (unspiked and spiked with 100-250 oocysts) were tested to evaluate matrix effects. Oocyst recoveries from the stream water samples averaged 22% (standard deviation [SD] = ±17%) with a membrane disk and 12% (SD = ±6%) with a capsule filter. Oocyst recoveries from reagent water precision and recovery samples averaged 39% (SD = ±13%) with a membrane disk and 47% (SD = ±19%) with a capsule filter. These results demonstrate that Cryptosporidium oocysts can be recovered from stream waters using method 1622, but recoveries are lower than those from reagent-grade water. This research also evaluated concentrations of indicator bacteria in the stream water samples. Because few samples were oocyst-positive, relationships between detections of oocysts and concentrations of indicator organisms could not be determined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal / American Water Works Association|
|State||Published - Jan 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology