Fine-tuning ketogenic diets to achieve better seizure control may influence families to seek second opinions. Since 2009, Johns Hopkins Hospital has provided second opinions for children followed at other ketogenic diet centers. We retrospectively reviewed 65 consecutive children seen in this clinic; parents were also sent a 2-page survey. The mean age was 6.6 years and dietary therapy had been used a median 9 months. Seizure reduction >50% was achieved in 65%, including 35% with >90% reduction. Parent questions included how to improve seizure control (65%), ideal diet duration (18%), and confirmation of the plan (11%). The most common recommendations were anticonvulsant reduction (43%), adding oral citrates/calcium/vitamins (38%), and carnitine supplementation (31%). Diet discontinuation was more frequently suggested in those children with <50% seizure reduction (60% vs 20%, P =.001). Recommendations were successful in 78%, and the visit was reported as useful by 88%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology