Evaluation of the Adult with Suspected Immunodeficiency

Antoine E. Azar, Zuhair K. Ballas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Several primary immunodeficiencies may have their initial presentation in adulthood. Although recurrent infections are the hallmark of an underlying immunodeficiency, they need not be the presenting manifestation. This review highlights aspects of infections, as well as noninfectious diseases, that should prompt a high index of suspicion for an underlying immune disorder. The office tests that can be obtained for initial screening and their interpretation are detailed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)764-768
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007



  • Antibody deficiency
  • Common variable immunodeficiency
  • Failure to thrive
  • Hypogammaglobulinemia
  • Immune deficiency
  • Opportunistic organisms
  • Recurrent infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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