Objectives: Telomerase activity can be detected in up to 90% of urothelial carcinomas (UC). Telomerase activity can also be detected in urinary tract cytology (UTC) specimens and indicate an increased risk of UC. We evaluated the performance of a commercially available antibody that putatively binds the telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) subunit on 500 UTC specimens. Study Design: Unstained CytospinTM preparations were created from residual urine specimens and were stained using the anti-hTERT antibody (SCD-A7). Two algorithms were developed for concatenating the hTERT result and cytologic diagnosis: a "no indeterminates algorithm," in which a negative cytology and positive hTERT result are considered positive, and a "high-specificity algorithm," in which a negative cytology and positive hTERT result are considered indeterminate (and thus negative for comparison to the gold standard). Results: The "no indeterminates algorithm" and "high-specificity algorithm" yielded a sensitivity of 60.6 and 52.1%, a specificity of 70.4 and 90.7%, a positive predictive value of 39.1 and 63.8%, and a negative predictive value of 85.0 and 85.8%, respectively. Conclusions: A positive hTERT result may identify a subset of patients with an increased risk of high-grade UC (HGUC) who may otherwise not be closely followed, while a negative hTERT immunocytochemistry result is associated with a reduction in risk for HGUC.
- Ancillary test
- Urinary tract
- Urine cytology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine