Evaluation of shoulder laxity

Edward G McFarland, Brian M. Torpey, Leigh Ann Curl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An understanding of the anatomy and biomechanical features of the glenohumeral joint is necessary when understanding the concept of shoulder laxity. Glenohumeral laxity is a normal feature of shoulder motion, but only when that laxity becomes excessive does instability occur. The clinician must use the history and physical examination to distinguish normal from pathological laxity. Several examination techniques are commonly used to evaluate anterior, posterior, inferior, and multidirectional shoulder laxity. It has become appreciated that subluxation of the shoulder upon physical examination does not necessarily mean that the shoulder is clinically or symptomatically unstable. This paper reviews the current techniques to evaluate shoulder laxity and discusses the interpretation of these examinations as they relate to normal and pathological laxities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-272
Number of pages9
JournalSports Medicine
Volume22
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996

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Physical Examination
Shoulder Joint
Anatomy
History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

McFarland, E. G., Torpey, B. M., & Curl, L. A. (1996). Evaluation of shoulder laxity. Sports Medicine, 22(4), 264-272.

Evaluation of shoulder laxity. / McFarland, Edward G; Torpey, Brian M.; Curl, Leigh Ann.

In: Sports Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 4, 1996, p. 264-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McFarland, EG, Torpey, BM & Curl, LA 1996, 'Evaluation of shoulder laxity', Sports Medicine, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 264-272.
McFarland EG, Torpey BM, Curl LA. Evaluation of shoulder laxity. Sports Medicine. 1996;22(4):264-272.
McFarland, Edward G ; Torpey, Brian M. ; Curl, Leigh Ann. / Evaluation of shoulder laxity. In: Sports Medicine. 1996 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 264-272.
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