Evaluation of perinatal arterial ischemic stroke using noninvasive arterial spin labeling perfusion MRI

Jill B. De Vis, Esben T. Petersen, Karina J. Kersbergen, Thomas Alderliesten, Linda S. De Vries, Frank Van Bel, Floris Groenendaal, Petra M.A. Lemmers, Jeroen Hendrikse, Manon J.N.L. Benders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can evaluate brain perfusion in neonates noninvasively. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ASL MRI can demonstrate perfusion abnormalities in neonates diagnosed with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS).Methods:Pulsed ASL perfusion MR images were acquired in The subacute stage (5-6 d after birth) and at follow-up (13 d to 16 wk after birth) in four PAIS patients. Images were visually evaluated for hypo- and hyperperfusion. In addition, cerebral oxygenation was monitored using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).Results:In three PAIS patients, ASL images showed hypoperfusion in The stroke area. In one of these, hyperperfusion was visualized in The periphery of The stroke area. In one PAIS patient, hyperperfusion was seen in The stroke area. In all infants, cerebral oxygenation was higher in The infarcted hemisphere as compared with The contralateral hemisphere. Follow-up ASL images showed partial recovery of perfusion in The stroke area.Conclusion:ASL perfusion MRI is able to reliably detect hypo- and hyperperfusion in PAIS patients and can be used to monitor The evolution of perfusion after an ischemic event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-313
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric research
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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