Evaluation of MR/fluoroscopy-guided portosystemic shunt creation in a swine model

Aravind Arepally, Parag V. Karmarkar, Di Qian, Brad Barnett, Ergin Atalar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate three different percutaneous portosystemic shunts created with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and fluoroscopy guidance in a swine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In stage 1 of the experiment, an active MR intravascular needle system was created for needle tracking and extracaval punctures. Twenty inferior vena cava (IVC)/superior mesenteric vein (SMV)/portal vein (PV) punctures were performed in 10 swine (weight, 40-45 kg) in a 1.5-T short-bore interventional MR imager. With use of a real-time MR imaging sequence, the needle was guided through the IVC and into the SMV or PV (N = 20 punctures). After confirmation, a wire was advanced into the portal venous system under MR imaging guidance (N = 20). In stage 2, animals were transferred to the radiographic fluoroscopy suite for deployment of shunts. Three different shunts were evaluated in this study: (i) a commercial stent-graft, (ii) a prototype bridging stent, and (iii) a prototype nitinol vascular anastomotic device. Postprocedural necropsy was performed in all animals. RESULTS: Successful MR-guided IVC/SMV punctures were performed in all 20 procedures (100%). All three shunts were deployed. Stent-grafts had the poorest mechanism for securing a shunt. The vascular anastomotic device and the bridging stent had more secure anchoring mechanisms but also had higher technical failure rates (50% and 40%, respectively). When deployed successfully, the vascular anastomotic device resulted in no bleeding at the sites of punctures at necropsy. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous shunts and vascular anastomoses between the portal mesenteric venous system and IVC were successfully created with use of a combination of MR imaging and conventional fluoroscopy for guidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1173
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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