The pathogenesis of arterial thrombotic disease involves multiple genetic and environmental factors related to atherosclerosis and thrombosis. The endothelium is a monolayer of polygonal cells that extend continuously over the luminal surface of the entire vasculature. Injury to the endothelium leads to dysfunction. The causes of injury include lipids, immune complexes, microorganisms, smoking, hypertension, aging, diabetes mellitus and trauma. Studies have been done to evaluate the role of different adhesion molecules on the endothelial membrane in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. These molecules are intercellular adhesion molecule type-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule type-1 (VCAM-1), platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin). One-hundred and twenty patients of myocardial infarction (age below 40 years) were recruited from the out-patients department of Department of Cardiology, KEM Hospital, Mumbai. All the patients were recruited 8-10 weeks after stabilization after MI. We estimated the levels of sP-selectin, sE-selectin, sPECAM-1 and serum homocysteine. Healthy age and sex-matched controls and family controls were also recruited in the present study. The levels of sP-selectin, sE-selectin and sPECAM-1 did not differ significantly in cases as compared to controls (p > 0.05). Hyperhomocysteinemia was significantly associated with MI in comparison with controls (p < 0.001) with an odds ratio of 6.26 (95% confidence limits 3.11-12.76). Folic acid was able to correct hyperhomocysteinemia in a large majority of the cases. Although the levels of sP-selectin, sE-selectin and sPECAM-1 decreased after folic acid therapy, it was only sE-selectin which was significantly reduced (p < 0.05). Thus, folic acid had a dual effect in that it reduced hyperhomocysteinemia and sE-selectin which showed a significant reduction on folate supplementation for 15 days.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jun 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine