Evaluation of gastrointestinal pathology and treatment in children with suspected biliary dyskinesia

Wikrom Karnsakul, Richard Vaughan, Tarun Kumar, Stacey Gillespie, Kathryn Skitarelic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: Decreased gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) was reported in patients who had abdominal pain and gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. The study aims were to review pathology of GI tract in children with acalculous biliary-type abdominal pain and to evaluate the pain improvement after a 2-week trial of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: Children below 18 years of age with a history of biliary-type abdominal pain by ROME III criteria were evaluated. All underwent an upper endoscopy and their histologic findings of the proximal GI tract were reviewed. Responses to a 2-week trial of PPI and LC were analyzed. Results: Sixteen were identified with biliary-type abdominal pain with GBEF <35%. Endoscopic and histologic evidence of reflux esophagitis was observed in 11 children those of gastritis in 3 children. A GI pathology of these children is mostly acid-related and four of ten children experienced a complete response to PPIs and did not require LC. Nine children had LC; four had complete and four had partial pain improvement. Conclusion: A trial of PPIs may be cost-effective prior to considering LC in these patients since four of ten children experienced a complete response to PPIs without the requirement of LC, compared with four of nine children who improved completely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1307-1312
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric surgery international
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Acalculous biliary-type abdominal pain
  • Biliary dyskinesia
  • Decreased gallbladder ejection fraction
  • Functional gastrointestinal disorder
  • Gallbladder dysfunction
  • Reflux esophagitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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