Background: To evaluate the specificity of the Crystal VC dipstick test for detecting cholera. Methods: We compared direct testing using the Crystal VC dipstick test and testing after enrichment for 6 h in alkaline peptone water (APW) to bacterial culture as the gold standard. Samples positive by dipstick but negative by culture were also tested using PCR. Results: Stool was collected from 125 patients. The overall specificities of the direct testing and testing after 6-h enrichment in APW compared to bacterial culture were 91.8% and 98.4% (P = 0.125), respectively, and the sensitivities were 65.6% and 75.0% (P = 0.07), respectively. Conclusion: The increase in the sensitivity of the Crystal VC kit with the use of the 6-h enrichment step in APW compared to direct testing was marginally significant. The Crystal VC dipstick had a much higher specificity than previously reported (91-98%). Therefore, this method might be a promising screening tool for cholera outbreak surveillance in resource-limited settings where elimination of false-positive results is critical.
- Dipstick test
- V. cholerae O1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases